Recommended DMM Reading for Movements

I’m often asked about good books for those wanting to see Kingdom movements or disciple-making movements (DMM).

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Here are some excellent places to start:

1. The Bible. If you only choose one book, this is the one!
Read and ask:
– What is God’s ultimate vision? What is He working towards?
– How did Jesus, Paul and others make disciples?
– How did Jesus, Paul and others lead?

2. Contagious Disciple-Making by David Watson & Paul Watson. Principles, fundamentals and first steps in DMM for a North American audience. Stretching read. The authors don’t pull any punches as they challenge God’s people to operate differently for the sake of the harvest. This book is not for the faint-hearted!

3. The Kingdom Unleashed by Jerry Trousdale and Glenn Sunshine. A call to re-examine what we do as Christians in light of Scripture and what God is doing amongst UPGs over the last 50 years. Highlights some blockages to the growth of God’s Kingdom and ways we can better align.

4. From Megachurch to Multiplication by Chris Galanos. A megachurch pastor’s journey towards DMM with his congregation. Includes both DMM practitioner and church leadership perspectives.

5. Miraculous Movements by Jerry Trousdale. Stories and principles from DMMs in Sub-Saharan Africa

6.  If You Can Eat You Can Make Disciplesby Peter Roennfeldt. Very practical guide to interacting comfortably about spiritual things with those around us. Practical examples drawn from the author’s personal experience and Scripture.

7. Spent Matchesby Roy Moran. A large church pastor’s journey towards DMM and a hybrid model for his congregation.

8. Bhojpuri Breakthroughby Victor John. The story of one of the earliest modern DMMs in Northern India, from the 1990’s til present.

4 Common DBS Challenges and how to overcome them

The purpose of Discovery Bible Study (DBS) is to disciple a group of people through cultivating mutual support and dependence on God’s voice and the authority of His Word, so they can align their lives with His. DBS can be a powerful discipleship process for both Christians and non-Christians.

DBS can be a powerful discipleship process for both Christians and non-Christians.

As our team has coached and facilitated discovery groups, we have observed several common obstacles faced by Christian facilitators. These obstacles arise due to important differences between DBS and the type of Bible studies most of us are familiar with. If we can avoid these things when facilitating DBS we unlock some powerful dynamics as we help people grow in relationship with God and walk with Him in discipleship. 

Here are four common challenges faced by Christian facilitators and advice for navigating them:

1. Bringing “other voices” into the DBS 

The goal of DBS is to help people hear what God is saying in a particular passage and, over time, Scripture as a whole. Christian participants will often bring other voices into the conversation – commentaries, historical and archaeological information, their pastor’s recent sermon, etc. 

These other voices may not be ‘bad’ or wrong, but they do not carry the same authority and they can distract from what God is saying in the passage at hand. The goal of discipleship is to help people recognise and depend primarily on God’s voice, and in DBS our purpose is to help people hear Him.

Two things can help the facilitator here. Firstly, before starting the passage, it can help to remind the group that our purpose is to hear what God is saying to us through this passage, and to learn how to reliably hear Him through His Word. Secondly, if group members stray from the passage at hand ask the question, “Which verse are you looking at when you say that?” As time goes on, the group will automatically start asking each other this question, leading to a greater group accountability to the Word.

2. Answering questions

As we have said, the purpose of DBS is to cultivate a dependence on God’s voice and the authority of His Word. Often, groups will look to ‘the expert’ (ie the facilitator) to answer their questions, but God wants us to come first to Him. We love sharing our hard-earned knowledge, but when we do this we are pointing people to ourselves as the source of knowledge rather than the Bible.

When we answer peoples’ questions we are pointing them to ourselves instead of the Bible.

As we facilitate DBS, questions about the Bible text will arise. We can help the group develop confidence in the Bible’s sufficiency and authority by pointing them there first. When a question arises, the facilitator can respond with a question, “If all you had was this story how would you answer that question?” 

You can also put that question to the broader group – in many cases the answer will be there. Sometimes it’s not, and it’s ok to acknowledge that a particular passage does not provide a definitive answer to a question – God is not necessarily seeking to answer every question we have. If this is the case, put the question aside (temporarily) and focus on what God is wanting to say to us right now through this passage.

If the question still seems important to the group once the DBS has finished, here’s a great 2-step process which continues to cultivate dependence on the Word:

1) Brainstorm a list of Scripture passages that relate to the question. 

2) Ask the group to read through these passages and then plan to discuss their learnings together at a mutually convenient time. 

A DBS facilitator might be able to give a good answer (ie give someone a fish to eat) but walking through this process trains people for lifelong growth in relationship with God and building a reliable and Word-centred theology (ie teaches people how to fish for themselves).

3. Managing Time

In many contexts the facilitator has a limited time to run the DBS. Amongst Christians we have observed a tendency for the first part of the DBS (ie What are you thankful for? What’s been difficult? etc) to take a big chunk of the time, which then forces the facilitator to rush through the remaining two-thirds.

Each DBS question contributes an important Biblical element to the discipleship process and it’s critically important that the group is able to adequately engage each one together.

To avoid this problem, consider framing the “Look Back” section clearly at the beginning and specify that the personal sharing be concise, perhaps 1-2 minutes per person (assuming 90 minute DBS session). You could also consider involving the group in ‘enforcing’ the time limit, especially if relationships are good in the group. Other solutions include the group sharing answers to those questions prior to meeting together (eg through messaging platforms) so they can focus on the “Look Up” and “Look Ahead” when they meet together.

4. Fuzzy Answers to Application Questions

Listening to God is good, but not enough – we must take action in response! As we respond to what God is saying to us, intimacy with Him deepens, we grow spiritually and transformation takes place in and through our lives. “How will we apply this to our lives?” and “Who needs to hear this story/what I’m learning?” are crucial questions in this process.

Fuzzy answers to these questions make it harder for us to be obedient to what God is saying, and harder for the group to support each other in their spiritual growth. Failing to identify people to share the story makes it harder and less likely for others to be exposed to God’s Word and the things He is teaching us. 

Fuzzy answers hold back spiritual growth

As facilitators there are two easy ways to help the group get more concrete:

1) If someone identifies a fuzzy application step (eg “I will be more loving”), ask them if there is a specific context or relationship where they find that particularly challenging. What practical action can they take to be more loving in that specific situation or relationship?

2) If someone has trouble thinking of a person to share with, it may help to spend time praying as a group for ‘harvest people’ around us. The “people map” prayer tool can be helpful here.

Best learning practice – Debrief!

I hope this post has been helpful in exploring some of the common challenges in facilitating Discovery Bible Study. DBS itself is deceptively simple – facilitating well is an ongoing journey. Many people have found that learning process enhanced and accelerated through coaching and debriefing with somebody else who is familiar with the discovery process and underlying values.

If that sounds helpful then please feel free to make contact and I can connect you with someone who can support you in doing what God has called you to do.

All the best!

God’s Story

* The “Creation to Christ” Bible story set can be downloaded on the link below.

It’s so easy for us to lose sight of the big picture. We are surrounded by needs that call for our attention and resources. We are aware of our personal strengths (and weaknesses) and the limits of our energy, time and ability.

We receive a never-ending flow of calls to action from people with a vision, a ministry or a cause that they believe demands our attention and involvement.

In the midst of all this noise, shouldn’t we take the time to check in with the Creator of the universe on His agenda?

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What is God doing? What is His story? Who is He, actually? Who are we and what role do we play in what God is doing? How can we partner with Him?

The Bible’s answers to these questions can powerfully change the way we order our lives and the priorities we choose.

BUT the Bible is a huge collection of literature – there is a lot to process. Getting familiar with the entire Bible takes time and can appear overwhelming.

As an easy first step for anybody – regardless of religious or cultural background – let me recommend “Creation to Christ”, a list of stories compiled by David Watson that track the broad story of Scripture, revealing God’s character and story, and where people fit in the story (see below for PDF file).

This is particularly powerful done in conjunction with a group Discovery Bible Study (DBS) (let me know if you’d like support in running a DBS).

I’d love to hear the insights that come as you do this!

A Discovery Continuum versus DBS

We all want effective tools, and Discovery Bible Study (DBS) is a fantastic tool for helping groups of people discover and listen to God, and grow deeper in their relationship with Him and each other.

Sometimes the tool can become the focus to the point where it distracts from the purpose it is intended to serve. As we coach people who are wanting to engage the harvest in ways that can lead to Kingdom movements, we sometimes see this dynamic in relation to DBS.

It is important to remember that the goal of discovery is to help people discover and listen to God.

We can facilitate discovery in a number of different ways. DBS is one of those ways, but it can be helpful to think in terms of a “discovery continuum”. We choose an approach depending on what is appropriate to the situation and the people we are interacting with.

Here are some examples:

Our Personal ‘Shema’ statements – as disciples ourselves, the ongoing process of discovering and listening to God and responding to what He says should be central to our lives. As we listen and obey, we build a growing list of Bible stories/passages that have impacted us, and changes that God has brought about in our lives. It is natural to be transparent with our spirituality and share these things in our relationships with other people – not with an agenda, but as part of who we are in our relationships with them.

Verbal Discovery – as we interact with others, it may be natural to share a story from the Bible. This could either be a story that has personally impacted us, or which we are currently thinking about. Alternatively it could be a story that we know intersects with the concerns, convictions or felt needs of the person/people we are talking to. After sharing the story we can ask, “What do you think about that story?” This gives them a chance to interact with what God without formality. It also gives us a chance to see how God might be at work in their lives by the way they respond and whether they subsequently talk about the story with others in their lives (e.g. by asking, “What would your friends/family think about it?”).

‘Taster’ DBS Set – if a harvest group or individual has a specific area of concern or interest and they are open to the Bible, we could offer to help them explore what the Bible says about the topic. A short DBS series of 4-6 stories can give them a taste in an area they are interested in. A short commitment may also make it easier for them to pull an initial group together. Depending how things unfold, this group may then naturally transition to a longer look at the broader story of God.

Comprehensive DBS Set – when a harvest group or individual are keen to explore the story of God and/or the message of the Bible and/or discover who God is for themselves, a longer set which walks them through the full story of God can serve them. The exact stories in this set can be tailored according to their worldview and culture. The “Creation to Christ” set pioneered by David Watson can be helpful for a number of cultural contexts.

Discovery is a powerful process that should serve us as we seek to cooperate with God and serve the person who is exploring or seeking Him.

Ultimately, we hope to see groups of people drawing together intentionally from God’s Word, but it quite likely won’t start there. It’s important that the context and the people we are serving determine our approach, rather than a pre-commitment to a specific method.

The Kingdom is like what?

by Scott Crawley 

Jesus’ primary message was the Gospel: ‘The time has come and God’s Kingdom is here!’ (Mark 1:14-15).

His audience – mainly Jews who knew the Old Testament back-to-front – must not have been clear exactly what He meant, because He spent a lot of time explaining what God’s Kingdom was like, including, “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into a large amount of flour until it worked all through the dough” (Matthew 13:33).

A wise man once said, “Really good prayer is what we all knead!”

Among other things, this suggests that God’s Kingdom is not limited to a particular time, or place, group, organisation, or institution. It’s something that spreads at a very micro level and transforms everything it touches, until everything is changed.

What does that look like in our individual lives? What does it look like in our families? Our neighbourhoods? Our nations?

Impossible questions to answer exactly, because each one is so different and has its own unique characteristics and stage of development. However, God not only knows – He is actively working towards it and inviting us to participate.

Our part is to press in with prayer so we can better partner with Him.

How to start? Below is a creative and simple tool that was shared with me by Phil Alessi (Who is Phil Alessi?) – consider trying it out. Even better with your family or a small group of like-minded friends.

Prayer Resource: “Praying for 5s

The Importance of Scripture in Belief & Discipleship

The Bereans were solid (Acts 17:11). They didn’t rely on their past personal convictions, or the understanding of their previous teachers, or the understanding of Paul. They listened to what Paul was saying and then measured it against what they saw in the Bible.

They discovered what Scripture said for themselves in their community context and had stronger conviction as a result. Paul gives no indication of being threatened by that – the authority for his message came from the Scriptures and he the other apostles had gone through the same process in forming their convictions about God’s story and where Jesus fit into it (eg Lk 24:25-27, Lk 24:44-49, Jn 2:22, Acts 17:2, 18:28).

If we share the Berean conviction that the Word is the ultimately reliable source of our knowledge about who God is and how to relate to Him, then we will always be searching, learning and growing – there is always more of God to know, and He is always drawing us deeper into relationship and ‘partnership’ with Him.

We can learn a lot from each others’ different perspectives and experiences, but the Word is our common and objective plumbline. Though there are other ways He communicates and reveals Himself (eg Romans 1:20, 1 Corinthians 11:4-11), the Bible is how God has chosen to objectively make Himself and His story known to the world.

If we are serious about empowering others (& ourselves!) to discover and know God we need to measure everything else against what He has and is saying through the Bible.Jesus’ comments in Jn 6:44-45 are consistent with the emphasis across the narrative of Scripture – God wants us to know Him, listen to Him and interact with Him.

When we (people) teach, no matter how gifted we are we will always have our own limitations and our own personal set of filters. These can reveal God to our audience in unique ways, and also obscure Him to our audience in unique ways.

Yes, God uses human teaching to speak to us – we’ve all experienced that, even if He uses the preacher to say something to us that has nothing to do with the actual sermon. But when God teaches directly it’s even more powerful. When God writes something on our hearts, it’s always tailored perfectly to our situation and we never forget it.

If we help people start their journey with the Word (and in community rather than as isolated individuals), they can build an objectively reliable picture of who He is, what He is like, what He is inviting them into, and where they fit into His overarching story. This better equips them to recognise and respond to the Spirit when He speaks and leads independently of Scripture, and helps them better discern what is God’s voice, what is a human voice and what is Satan’s voice.

This also reduces the likelihood of static or filters from a human teacher, because God tailors what He says directly to the group and their context without a different culture getting in the way. God knows us and our context perfectly, and speaks directly to both those things. He will never tell a group that they need to wear collars or long trousers to worship Him together.

Please hear me clearly – I am affirming two things:
1) Is there a place for human teaching in the discipleship journey? Absolutely!
2) Should Word and Spirit be the foundation of our discipleship journey? Absolutely!

The most empowering and reliable, replicable skill for life-long spiritual growth is learning who God is, and how to hear Him speak to them through His Word. Look at how the Bereans responded to Paul. Look how Paul discipled others. Even Jesus instructed His disciples post-resurrection based on the authority of Scripture rather than His own authority as the Risen Messiah (Lk 24:44-45). The Bereans got it.

If we’re serious about the great commission, we simply must help people do this.

“Evangelism” or “telling God’s story”?

I think we need to revisit the way we talk about God and His story.

brown book page

For various historical and cultural reasons we (people within Christian culture) tend to use legal language to describe Biblical realities.

Legal language is certainly used in Scripture, but I would like to suggest that the foundational framework for understanding God, ourselves and Creation is relational rather than legal (if you would like me to lay out a case for this from Scripture, leave a note in the comments).

The way we understand and tell God’s story shapes what we say ‘yes’ to, which in turn has a huge impact on the direction and shape of our lives and discipleship journey.

Jesus’ Gospel had completely continuity from evangelism and discipleship. So did Paul’s;

“Therefore, as you received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him, rooted and built up in him and established in the faith, just as you were taught, abounding in thanksgiving.”
– Colossians 2:6–7 (ESV)

The Gospel we hear proclaimed often doesn’t have obvious continuity between ‘acceptance’ and ‘the rest of my life’.

The should be a challenge and an invitation that never stops challenging and inviting both those listening and those proclaiming. We are making fresh responses to the Gospel continually as we move through each day.

There’s a lot I could write about that (and probably will) but for now I’ll just the say that I think the word “evangelism” is better understood “telling God’s story” – and His story always comes with an invitation to step back intorelationship with Him through trusting obedience. Similarly, I think “discipleship” should be understood in terms of “learning to trust God as a person and align ourselves with His loving reign and rule”.

An Attempt To Tell The Story

A couple of years ago I tried to summarise God’s story in a few minutes using relational language rather than legal or religious language (along with a well-known diagram).

Personally, I’m not comfortable going around looking for people to ‘do’ this with. However, it is a tool I can draw on whenever it is appropriate and will serve the other person, and it is a framework that continues to shape and challenge my own discipleship walk.

I have several goals in telling the story this way:

– be faithful to what the Bible is communicating
– use relational imagery/language rather than religious or legal imagery/language
– tell the story rather than trying to convince (God’s job – Jn 6:44-45)
– give the hearer complete clarity as to what God’s is inviting them to through this story – they have a clear picture of what saying “yes” means for the rest of their life
– give God’s basic invitation without watering anything down, and yet being accessible to as many worldviews as possible

How do you think I did?

How would your non-Jesus-following friends react?

How would you tell the story?

Voices in our heads

1 Corinthians 4:1-7 speaks powerfully to a foundational element of the Gospel. It has come up in four different conversations in the last 10 days, so I’m going to write about it.

Voices are a big deal. Our lives are dominated by many, many voices, internal and external, competing for our attention and often in conflict with each other.

Voices and God’s Story

I want to suggest that the story God is telling through the Bible makes sense in terms of competing voices, and that this offers a compelling framework for understanding salvation, evangelism and discipleship.

The good news proclaimed by Jesus is essentially an invitation to embrace the authority of The One Voice over all others;

Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God,and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.” – Mark 1:14–15 (ESV)

The reference to God’s Kingdom (among other things) points back to the only previous time when God’s reign and rule was complete and unopposed in Genesis 1-2.

This was broken in Genesis 3 when His voice was ignored and His authority rejected in favour of other voices (the serpent and personal desire). Humans chose to reject God’s voice and trust and obey others instead.

When God is rejected as loving Father and King, relationship with Him is not possible – this is who He is.

Separation from the source of life means death. Separation from the source of righteousness means sin. Separation from the One through whom all Creation exists and is held together means dysfunction and corruption in human relationships with God, with each other and with creation. All these things are direct consequences of the broken relationship with God.

God’s solution is to bring Creation back into the alignment with His reign and rule that we see in Genesis 1-2. He does not do this by brute force, but by invitation.

macro photography of babys ear

Jesus’ Gospel proclamation is a decisive moment in history as God engineers a reversal of Genesis 3. Jesus is inviting us to step into God’s cosmic restoration project as He works both *sovereignly* AND *collaboratively* to heal the brokenness of Creation.

He invites us to (re-)align our individual spheres of authority under His – to step back into the relationship of trusting obedience which characterised Adam and Eve in Gen 1-2, and Jesus, and everybody in Scripture who was said to have please Him. Thanks to Jesus death and resurrection, this kind of relationship is now actually possible – sealed, guaranteed and enabled by the giving of the Holy Spirit.

Voices, Evangelism & Discipleship

Within that framework, I’d like to suggest that evangelism – understood biblically rather than culturally – is simply the invitation to listen and yield to the voice (and authority) of the King over and above all other voices (and authorities).

Discipleship is the process of working that out more and more comprehensively in our lives. A never-ending process as we align ourselves with His voice and reign and progressively bring the other voices into submission to His – our physical desires, emotions, thoughts, important people in our lives, mass marketing and media, tradition and culture. Not that we stop listening to these voices, but we deny them automatic authority over us and test what they are saying against Word and Spirit whenever they try to exert authority over our lives.

Which brings us back to 1 Corinthians 4.

Discerning Voices: Discipleship 101

Paul lets us into his head as he identifies and debunks the different voices which are demanding his attention and trust in the particular situation he is responding to.

Paul is responding to divisions amongst the disciples in Corinth who are identifying themselves with different apostolic leaders (criticism of Paul is strongly implied). He doesn’t pay attention to what they say or their evaluation of him – he doesn’t rate their ability to make an accurate judgment. Neither does he trust his own evaluation of himself – his conscience and assessment are unreliable indicators. The only evaluation He trusts is God’s.

The great thing is that we don’t have to wait until ‘that day’ to hear God’s opinion/judgment – He speaks now.

Jesus made it clear that hearing and responding to God’s voice was the foundation of salvation and a restored relationship with the Father (John 6:43-45), and expected His sheep to recognise and respond to His voice (John 10:1-16).

He speaks through His Word and He speaks by His Spirit, given post-ascension as a seal and guarantee of God’s promise that we are His (Ephesians 1:11-14) to teach us, to remind us of everything Jesus said (John 14:25), to convict concerning sin, righteousness and judgment (John 16:7-11), and to guide us into all truth (John 16:13).

We now have sure access to a ‘new’ voice, bringing us full circle back to the possibility go growing into that Genesis 1-2 relationship.

Romans 8 and Galatians 5 both speak to the contrast between being led by the Spirit and being led by the flesh. In both cases “Sonship” – restoration to special relationship with the Father in His family – is linked with the shift to being led by the Spirit (Romans 8:14 onwards & Galatians 3:23 onwards).

Within the context of God’s broader cosmic agenda of restoring Creation to His rule and reign, the end goal for the individual “son” is ‘being conformed to the image of [God’s] Son’ (Rom 8:29) – a process.

However, this is neither smooth nor inevitable. Hebrews 5:11-14 implies that there is a process of trial and error as we learn to discern His voice to us through Word and Spirit, and the context suggests that the original readers were actually slipping backwards.

Romans 12:1-2 describes a process of surrendering ourselves fully to Him, experiencing transformation as we die to the other voices that make claims on us (‘the patterns of this world’). This results in an increased ability to discern and respond to His will, and deepened alignment with His reign and rule – discipleship!

Our Response to the Voice Buffet

20181018 Voice Menu#3

Each one of these voices (see the menu above) has a particular agenda and perspective.

Only one of these ‘voices’ is 100% reliable. Only God has shown Himself to have genuine integrity, honesty and other-centredness. To be both righteous and merciful, holy and gracious, fair and impartial.

All the other voices are unreliable, at best. All of them will inevitably have mixed motives, imperfect character and limited perspective and knowledge because of their source. Many of them are good to listen to, but none of them should take a place of authority over the Father.

Whatever voice speaks into our situation in any given moment, it’s critical that we take the thought captive, pause and ask the Father what He wants to say. At heart, evangelism is an invitation to do just that.

In the longer term we need to dedicate time to listening to the Father and getting to know Him better so we can recognise and respond to Him when He speaks, and discern voices that don’t belong to Him. At heart, discipleship is just that.

Whatever else we do in evangelism and discipleship, it must involve empowering people to hear God’s voice and respond to what He says.

“Lord’s Supper” or “Jesus Feast”?

I was recently reading and reflecting on 1 Corinthians 11:17-34.

“The Lord’s Supper” 

As followers of Jesus, it is easy to slip into doing certain things simply because they are associated with being Christian, ie obedience to Christian culture rather than obedience to Jesus.

Communion/the Lord’s Supper is one of these practices. Leaving aside the question of whether Jesus actually commanded it in the form that it is frequently practised, I found it very rich to try forget what I “know” about Communion and try to soak in this passage from 1 Corinthians with fresh eyes.

Lord’s Supper, anyone?

If this passage was all that I had, I would see “the Lord’s Supper” as an event where these disciples of Jesus were coming together to eat and drink normal food, with Jesus as both the centre and the catalyst of their community.

Continue reading ““Lord’s Supper” or “Jesus Feast”?”

A Tale of Answered Harvest Prayer

Then he said to his disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.”

“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words.Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.

(Matthew 9:37–38; 6:7–10 ESV)

God wants to involve us in the things He is doing! I was reminded of this last weekend.

Continue reading “A Tale of Answered Harvest Prayer”